Lesson Title: Figurative Language in Non-Fiction
Curriculum Area: English Language Arts
Technology Strand: Keyboard Util./Desktop Pub./Word Processing
Grade Level: 8
Essential Question: How do I identify figurative language in a non-fiction selection?
A Activity Summary Using a non-fiction selection, students will identify figurative language types and examples.
C Curriculum English
4.02 Develop (with limited assistance) and apply appropriate criteria to evaluate the quality of the communication by:
  • using knowledge of language structure and literary or media techniques.
  • drawing conclusions based on evidence, reasons, or relevant information.
  • considering the implications, consequences, or impact of those conclusions.
5.01 Increase fluency, comprehension, and insight through a meaningful and comprehensive reading program by:
  • using effective reading strategies to match type of text.
  • reading self-selected literature and other materials of interest to the individual.
  • reading literature and other materials selected by the teacher.
  • assuming a leadership role in student-teacher reading conferences.
  • leading small group discussions.
  • taking an active role in whole class seminars.
  • analyzing the effects of elements such as plot, theme, charaterization, style, mood, and tone.
  • discussing the effects of such literary devices as figurative language, dialogue, flashback, allusion, irony, and symbolism.
  • analyzing and evaluating themes and central ideas in literature and other texts in relation to personal and societal issues.
T Technology Keyboard Util./Desktop Pub./Word Processing
3.05 Select and use WP/DTP features/functions to develop, edit/revise, and publish documents/assignments  
Activating Strategies
1. Teacher downloads and prints out a copy of the Figurative_Language_Terms.doc file.
2. Teacher cuts out and pastes these individual terms on an index card. At the beginning of the class, students will be given an index card with a type of figurative language written on it.
3. In the computer lab, students will pair up to create a Microsoft Word document showing an example and illustration of the figurative language type written on their index cards.
4. Pairs will have 10 minutes to create their Word documents.
5. Students will then print a hard copy of their original documents.
6. Finally, students will display their "example posters" around the room for the class to review. There will be multiple examples depending on class size.
Technology Vocabulary:
Detailed Technology Instructions:
Cognitive Teaching Strategies
  1. Download the I_Have_a_Dream.doc and print enough copies for the class.
  2. Distribute the copies of Martin Luther King, Jr. address to the students.
  3. Have students read the address first.
  4. Have students talk with a partner about what they think is the main point of King's address. What is he saying in the address? What is his message?
  5. Students will identify types (and examples) of figurative language used in the address. Students can look at the "example posters" made by their fellow classmates for help.
Summary Strategies
1. Download and print enough copies of the Three_Two_One.doc for the class.
2. Distribute these worksheets to the students.
3. Students will complete the worksheet filling in the following information:
  • 3 types of figurative language in the three boxes on the far left.
  • 2 examples of one type of figurative language in the middle two boxes.
  • 1 main point in Martin Luther King, Jr's "I Have a Dream" address in the box on the far right.
Click for directions on how to download files on a Windows computer. 
Microsoft Word Files

Index cards
Colored pencils
Re-teaching and Enrichment Activities

The concept for this lesson plan was submitted by 
Sherry  Allen
Jamestown Middle, Data last modified: 5/25/2006